Francis Bacon, 1561 – 1626
- Sir Francis Bacon's alleged connection to the Rosicrucians and the Freemasons (both keepers of secret knowledge) has been widely discussed by authors and scholars in many books. 
New Atlantis is a novel by Bacon, published in Latin (as Nova Atlantis) in 1624 and in English in 1627. Bacon portrayed a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge, expressing his aspirations and ideals for humankind. The novel depicts the creation of a utopian land where "generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendour, piety and public spirit" are the commonly held qualities of the inhabitants of "Bensalem". The plan and organization of his ideal college, "Salomon's House" (or Solomon's House) envisioned the modern research university in both applied and pure sciences. Bacon has one character describe the founding of Salomon's House by King Solamona:
"Ye shall understand (my dear friends) that amongst the excellent acts of that king, one above all hath the pre-eminence. It was the erection and institution of an Order or Society, which we call Salomon's House; the noblest foundation (as we think) that ever was upon the earth; and the lanthorn of this kingdom. It is dedicated to the study of the works and creatures of God. Some think it beareth the founder's name a little corrupted, as if it should be Solamona's House. But the records write it as it is spoken. So as I take it to be denominate of the king of the Hebrews, which is famous with you, and no stranger to us." 
And it wouldn’t be a proper esoteric tome without a mention of the goddess Isis . One of Isis’ many names is ‘Virgin of the World’. “But hear me now, and I will tell you what I know. You shall understand that there is not under the heavens so chaste a nation as this of Bensalem; nor so free from all pollution or foulness. It is the virgin of the world.”
Who rules Bensalem? The Father of Salomon's House reveals that members of that institution decide on their own which of their discoveries to keep secret, even from the State:
"And this we do also: we have consultations, which of the inventions and experiences which we have discovered shall be published, and which not; and take all an oath of secrecy for the concealing of those which we think fit to keep secret; though some of those we do reveal sometime to the State, and some not." 
Bensalem is ruled by an elite secret dictatorship, which begs the question, what happen to all the "generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendour, piety and public spirit" ? Historian Dame Frances Yates  does not make the claim that Bacon was a Rosicrucian, but presents evidence that he was nevertheless involved in some of the more closed intellectual movements of his day. She argues that Bacon's movement for the advancement of learning was closely connected with the German Rosicrucian movement, while Bacon's novel New Atlantis portrays a land ruled by Rosicrucians.
Francis Bacon played a leading role in creating the British colonies, especially in Virginia, the Carolinas, and Newfoundland in northeastern Canada. His government report on “The Virginia Colony” was submitted in 1609. In 1610 Bacon and his associates received a charter from the king to form the Tresurer and the Companye of Adventurers and planter of the Cittye of london and Bristoll for the Collonye or plantacon in Newfoundland  and sent John Guy to found a colony there. In 1910 Newfoundland issued a postage stamp to commemorate Bacon's role in establishing the province. The stamp describes Bacon as, "the guiding spirit in Colonization Schemes in 1610."  Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States wrote: "Bacon, Locke and Newton. I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the Physical and Moral sciences" 
- Bryan Bevan, The Real Francis Bacon, England: Centaur Press, 1960
- Francis Bacon, New Atlantis, 1628, http://www2.hn.psu.edu/faculty/jmanis/bacon/atlantis.pdf
- Daphne du Maurier, The Winding Stair, Biography of Bacon, 1976.
- Perez Zagorin, Francis Bacon. Princeton, NJ, 1999
- "The Letters of Thomas Jefferson: 1743–1826 Bacon, Locke, and Newton". Retrieved 13 June 2009. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/P/tj3/writings/brf/jefl74.htm