1 La Belle Place
The Queens Rooms (1857-58) was built as a temple of the arts and sciences for David Bell of Blackhall, a rich Glasgow merchant. The Queen's Rooms incorporated one of the most lavish sculptural schemes of nineteenth century Glasgow, executed by Freemason John Mossman. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=h0WIGA0QkRgC&pg=PA251&lpg=PA251&dq=queens+rooms+glasgow+frieze&source=bl&ots=RwQZWcEmrl&sig=8sYZOaU78z-97PLqp52Q0qLijqI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NjbLUZ3dKLTc4QStroHABw&ved=0CEYQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=queens%20rooms%20glasgow%20frieze&f=false The building prominently features Freemasonic symbols and a close examination of the building's exterior reveals secrets hidden in plain view.
1 La Belle Place is directly and deliberately connected to the Stewart Memorial Fountain as shown below; John Mossman http://www.glasgowsculpture.com/pg_biography.php?sub=mossman_j , the father of Glasgow sculpture, created the sculptures at both sites and a full explanation of the Freemasonic symbols at the fountain can be found here.
According to the UK's Public Monuments and Sculpture Association website http://www.pmsa.org.uk/pmsa-database/2527/ on the east side of 1 La Belle Place there is "A frieze illustrating the different periods and stages of the progress of civilization (from south to north): Prehistoric man with his primitive implements; the taming of the horse; a sower with ploughing oxen; a winged male flanked by scenes of the harvest; a group of three Glasgow merchants (David Bell, Robert Hutchinson and Stevenson Dalglish); a steamship; a classical battle scene with six warriors and a chariot; and a musician playing a lyre"
Close up images of the frieze from southern end (top left) to beyond the central winged figure are shown below. These images account for more than half the frieze and tell the story of man's transition from hunter gatherer to farmer, which was accompanied by the invention of organised religion.
Close ups of the remaining frieze images show a group of three Glasgow merchants: David Bell (the building owner) and Robert Hutchinson and Stevenson Dalglish (wealthy art patrons), which were obviously included for sake of vanity the image includes gear wheels symbolising the industrial revolution of transition to new manufacturing processes from about 1760 to some time between 1820 and 1840. Following the vain Glaswegians is an image of a shipwrecked seaman in his sail boat, which may represent the hazardous nature of seafaring in ancient times - it looks nothing like a steam ship as described by the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association http://www.pmsa.org.uk/pmsa-database/2527/.
The battle scene is chariot warfare. By the twentieth century BCE in Anatolia light, fast and maneuverable battle wagons were developed and quickly spread to other areas of the eastern Mediterranean and Asia. “By 1600 BCE chariot warriors were in control of Mycenae and elsewhere in Greece, and not long thereafter chariots took over northwestern India” (Drews 1993, pg 106). The chariot remained the main weapon of the late Bronze Age. Depictions of these vehicles show a light weight construct with two spoked wheels set far back on the machine for easy weight distribution and turning. These were truly the chariots that most people think of when they see Ben-Hur or Gladiator. http://filebox.vt.edu/users/bhollenb/EDCI5314/portfoliobkh/html/History_of_Chariot_Warfare.html
Finally there is a man playing a lyre. The lyres of Ur, excavated in ancient Sumeria (southern Iraq), date to 2500 BCE http://sumerianshakespeare.com/117701/117901.html although 1 La Belle Place was built before Leonard Wooley discovered them in the royal tombs the lyre was known as one of the earliest musical instruments. General Ahiman Rezon (1868), by Daniel Sickels details masonic ritual and states that a masonic organist wears a lyre broach to identify his position within the lodge http://www.sacred-texts.com/mas/gar/gar58.htm and masonicdictionary.com informs us that the Greek God Mercury invented the lyre, making it out of the shell of the tortoise other sources attribute it to Hermes. In the context of the frieze it seems reasonable that the man playing the lyre represents the development of the arts, which are celebrated by another frieze on the northern side of 1 La belle Place.
At the very top of the Freemasonic hierarchy they know their history extraordinarily well; most books on ancient history begin by describing the advent of the first dynasties around 5,000 years ago in the Sumeria and Egypt, but if you want to understand "civilisation" it is essential to study the transition from hunter gatherer communities to the first agricultural societies. Excluding David Bell, Robert Hutchinson and Stevenson Dalglish who are easily explained anomalies, it is clear that Glaswegian Freemasons in the mid to late 1800s thought it possible to understand the progress of civilisation by looking only at the original civilisation in Sumeria. There is no place in the frieze for images of ancient Egypt, ancient Greece or the Roman Empire. Examination of this transition is deliberately excluded from history curricula at Government funded institutions because knowledge is power and ruling class have no intention of teaching everyone the secrets of power. Fortunately the internet has given people outside elite circles free access to unprecedented amounts of historical knowledge and we are learning the secrets for ourselves.
Below is a close up view of the southern end of the frieze at 1 La Belle Place showing people of a hunter gatherer society.
Until Freemason Sir Robert Moray brought together members of Gresham College, rich Royalists and struggling Republicans to found the world's first scientific society (the Royal Society) http://www.gresham.ac.uk/lectures-and-events/sir-robert-moray-soldier-scientist-spy-freemason-and-founder-of-the-royal history had been narrated, chiefly, as the story of a Golden Age, with everything since being a long-protracted fall.
In the beginning was the Golden Age. The climate was clement, nature freely bestowed her bounty upon mankind, no lethal predators lurked, the lion lay down with the lamb and peace reigned. In that blissful long lost Arcadia, according to the Greek poet Hesiod writing around 700 BC, life was "without evils, hard toil, and grievous disease". Men were molded out of the earth through the hands of Prometheus, these humans were said to live among the gods, and freely mingled with them http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ages_of_Man. All changed thereafter, wrote the poet, "thousands of miseries roam among men, the land is full of evils and full is the sea. Of themselves, diseases come upon men, some by day and some by night, and they bring evils to mortals".
Man's fall from the Golden Age is recorded in the Genesis 3, whereby the devil, disguised in serpents clothing, seduces Eve into tasting the forbidden fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil; the Lord ejects Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden and forces Adam to be a farmer "So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken." http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis+3&version=NIV The biblical tail is a re-worked version of an earlier Sumerian story as noted by George Smith, see below.
Ancient Greek mythology held that humanity was immortal during the Golden Age. When Prometheus gave the gift of fire to humans the gods were angered. They gave Pandora a box and told her not to open it, knowing full well that her curiosity would get the better of her. When she opened the box, she released evil (death, sorrow, plague) into the world due to her curiosity. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_man#Other_traditions
It seems that early chroniclers of human history were prone to large doses of nostalgia. The life of early man was not exactly Arcadian. Archeology and palaeopathology show that our forebears were often malformed, racked with arthritis and lamed by injuries - limbs broken and mending awry. Living in a dangerous, often harsh and always unpredictable environment, their lifespan was short. Nevertheless prehistoric people escaped many of the miseries popularly associated with the 'fall'. Theories and guesswork can be supported by reference to so called 'primitive' people in the modern world for example the Australian aborigines, the Hazda of Tanzania and the bush people of the Kalahari. Our ancestors before the fall were hunters and gatherers who lived as nomadic opportunistic omnivores in scattered familial groups or perhaps 30 or 40. Infections like smallpox, measles and flu must have been virtually unknown since the microorganisms that cause contagious disease require high population densities to provide reservoirs of susceptibles. And because of the need to search for food these small bands did not stay put for long enough to pollute water sources or accumulate the filth that attracts disease spreading insects. Above all, isolated hunter foragers did not tend cattle and the other tamed animals which have played such an ambiguous role in human history. While meat and milk, hides and horns made civilisation possible, domesticated animals proved perennial and often catastrophic sources of illness, for infectious disease riddled beasts long before spreading to humans.
At the time of writing Douglas Fry and Patrik Söderberg of Abo Akademi University in Vasa, Finland have published work which suggests war may have been unknown prior to the fall; they found that some of the most 'primitive' peoples on Earth were actually quite peaceful compared to modern, developed nations. “These findings imply that warfare was probably not very common before the advent of agriculture, when most if not all humans lived as nomadic foragers,” Kirk Endicott, an anthropologist at Dartmouth College told the journal Science, where the study is published. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/is-it-natural-for-humans-to-make-war-new-study-of-tribal-societies-reveals-conflict-is-an-alien-concept-8718069.html The Glaswegian Freemasons of 1857 appear to have similar views as they have depicted warfare as a development of human civilisation after the fall.
If the ancient stories are to be believed womankind is to blame for the fall of man, but contrary to the Victorian assumption (influenced strongly by Darwin's newly minted theory of evolution) that farming arose out of mankind's inherent progressiveness, it is now believed that tilling the soil began because population pressure and the depletion of game supplies left no alternative. The land which a nomadic band would have stripped like locusts before moving on was transformed by agriculture into farmland capable of supporting thousands year in, year out. A succession of inventions including the plough, irrigation, metal tools, and selective breeding of crops and livestock lead to increased food surpluses and accelerated population growth. Surplus food was the first form of wealth and it gave power to those who could control it. Surplus food also allowed increasing numbers of people to be spared from farming to specialize in occupations such as craft production, warfare, trade or religion.
With agriculture came the first cities; the first hierarchical societies and the first governments. During the Uruk period (ca. 4100–2900 BCE) each Sumerian city had its own independent government which was always based in a temple precinct. A city's ruler was in theory its patron god. The city itself was regarded as the property of the god, who, it was believed by the masses, actually dwelt in its temple. In practice the government was headed by a priest-king (ensi), assisted by a council of elders, including both men and women. The later Sumerian pantheon of gods mirrored this political structure. There was little evidence of institutionalized violence or professional soldiers during the Uruk period, and towns were generally unwalled. During this period Uruk became the most urbanised city in the world, surpassing for the first time 50,000 inhabitants. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumer
Temples were built as a symbol of power and control
physically dominated Sumerian cities and acted as storehouses where surplus food, offered in the name of the city gods, was gathered before being re-distributed as rations to administrators and craft workers or traded for raw materials such as timber, stone and metals which were not available locally.
The Ziggurat of Ur is one of three well preserved structures of the Neo-Sumerian city of Ur and originally formed part of the city's temple complex. The structure was built during the Early Bronze Age (21st century BCE), but had crumbled to ruins by the 6th century BCE when it was restored by King Nabonidus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziggurat_of_Ur Ziggurats were massive structures, having the form of a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. The height of the ziggurat at Ur is not known for certain, as only the foundations of the Sumerian ziggurat have survived.
The first Mesopotamian ruler who declared himself divine was Naram-Sin of Akkad. Naram-Sin reigned sometime during the 23rd century BCE but the exact dates and duration of his reign are still subject to research. According to his own inscription the people of the city of Akkad wished him to be the god of their city. This first instance of self-deification also coincides with the first world empire of the rulers of Akkad, the first time that a dynasty established a territorial ruler over large parts of Mesopotamia. It was also accompanied by certain changes in religion, in which the king proliferated the cult of the Ishtar, the goddess of war and love. Naram-Sin seems to have emphasized Ishtar in her war-like aspect (‘ashtar annunitum) and began to refer to himself as the husband/warrior of Ishtar. http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/symposia/2007.html
33rd degree Freemason Albert G. Mackey explains:
(Light) was there, as it is now, in Masonry, made the symbol of truth and knowledge...
... The worship of light, either in its pure essence or in the forms of sun-worship and fire-worship, because the sun and the fire were causes of light, was among the earliest and most universal superstitions of the world. Light was considered as the primordial source of all that was holy and intelligent; and darkness, as it’s opposite, was viewed as but another name for evil and ignorance. http://www.sacred-texts.com/mas/sof/sof24.htm
If the ancient stories are to be believed womankind is to blame for the fall of man, but
"Till about the yeare 1649" as antiquary John Aubrey (who joined the Royal Society in 1663) noted "twas held, a strange presumption for a man to attempt an innovation in learning; and not to be good manners to be more knowing than his neighbours and forefathers" http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=goF_8tPuYykC&pg=PA16&dq=twas+held+a+strange+presumption+for+a+man+to+attempt+an+innovation+in+learning+and+not+to+be+good+manners+to+be+more+knowing+than+his+neighbours+and+forefathers&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QJv-UcCMG6bJ0QWW4YGgAw&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA